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Translations

 

There have been translations of the Underwood Daily Spiritual Experience Scale into a variety of languages. Translation needs to be done carefully as language is particularly important and cultural sensitivity is needed. See Underwood (2006) for further advice on translating. Lynn is coordinating information on translations and is glad to help out with back translations to assure accurate articulation of the underlying construct. Please contact Lynn regarding usage and translations. At the present, these translations are completed or in development:

Albanian
Arabic
Chinese (Mandarin)

Croatian
Dutch
Filipino
Finnish
Flemish
French
German
Greek
Hebrew
Hindi
Hungarian
Indonesian
Italian
Korean
Lithuanian
Malay
Malayalam
Nigerian
Persian
Polish
Portuguese (Brazil)
Portuguese (Portugal)
Romanian
Russian
Serbian
Slovak
Slovenian
Spanish
Swahili
Thai
Turkish

Ukrainian
Urdu
Vietnamese
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